Arezzo visits - Travels in Tuscany


Situated on a hill dominating the valleys of the Arno, Tiber and Chiana rivers, Arezzo is a very ancient town and its origins are traced back to the Etruscan period, when Arezzo was one of the most important Lucomons of the Etruscan Dodecapoli. Having passed under the domination of the Roman Empire, in the first century BC it became a Municipio; in that period the art of working gold (which still today makes Arezzo famous around the world) was promoted and further developed.
After having gone through the domination of the Longobards, the Franks and the Marquis of Tuscany, Arezzo became a Free Commune in the 11th century and in the following centuries, having become always more and more powerful it began to compete with Florence for the control of the territory; but in 1289 Arezzo was defeated in the Battle of Campaldino and it was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, first under the Medici and then under the Lorenas. Finally, in 1860 it became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Notable people born in Arezzo are the famous poet Petrarch, the painter and biographer Giorgio Vasari, the poets Pietro Aretino and Guittone d’Arezzo, pope Julius 2nd and Guido d’Arezzo who developed the system for writing the musical scale.

Of particular architectural and artistic interest is the Duomo the beautiful Gothic style Cathedral whose construction started in 1278 but ended only in the first years of the 16th century, the Praetorial Palace, the Fortezza Medicea ( the Medici Fortress), the Basilica di San. Francesco, the Town-Hall, the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, the church of san Domenico, the Roman Amphitheatre and the Archaeological Museum.